Isometric illustration of people standing on a laptop, selecting books and videos from the screen.


Access our learning tools, shared user resources, related studies and flagship reports.


ESS Edunet

Icon of screen and book

ESS EduNet is a training resource mainly developed for use in higher education. The ambition is to create a social science laboratory where theoretical questions can be explored using high quality empirical data. 

Temporarily unavailable

ESS User Statistics

Icon of person sitting at a device showing a website with bar chart on a screen above.

The ESS User Statistics report provides comprehensive insights into the usage of ESS data since its launch in 2002.

Discover ESS User Statistics

Related Studies

In this section you will find information about data relevant to the European Social Survey (ESS) but not part of official data and documentation.

These studies have either directly fielded ESS questions, are developed in cooperation with the ESS, or have collected data with direct relevance to the ESS.

All links are with countries outside of the European Research Area.

Australian European Social Survey 2020

Australian European Social Survey 2020

The Australian National University (ANU) conducted ESS questions in an Australian context.

An open book is highlighted with an icon of the USA

General Social Survey 2008-12

The General Social Survey gathers data on contemporary American society.

GSS 2008-12
Icons showing South African map marker on open book

South African Social Attitudes Survey 2014

SASAS is a nationally representative, repeated cross-sectional survey that has been conducted since 2003.

SASAS 2014
Icon showing a global map marker on an open book

Global partners

The ESS has a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in place with four organisations across the world.

Global partners
Icon showing a global map marker on an open book

Conditions and how to apply

Information for Principal Investigators who would like their study to be considered.

Conditions and how to apply

Shared user resources

Shared user resources give access to resources or tools shared by the ESS user community. The resources are published here under the criteria that they have been included in peer-reviewed and published articles/publications. Their inclusion does not represent endorsement by ESS ERIC.

Social class schema - script to construct an indicator of social class in the ESS by Daniel Oesch

Codes in Stata, R and SPSS with descriptions.


Over the last 30 years, trends such as service sector growth, welfare state expansion and rising female participation rates have promoted increasing heterogeneity within the occupational system. Accordingly, this article argues that the class map has to be redrawn in order to grasp these changes in the employment structure. For that purpose, it develops the bases of a new class schema that partly shifts its focus from hierarchical divisions to horizontal cleavages. The middle class is not conceptualized as a unitary grouping and the manual/non-manual divide is not used as a decisive class boundary. Instead, emphasis is put on differences in marketable skills and the work logic. The schema is expected to more accurately reflect the class location of unskilled service employees and to make visible the political divide within the salaried middle class. This expectation is empirically examined with survey data from Britain, Germany, Sweden and Switzerland. Findings for earnings and promotion prospects indicate that the schema successfully captures the hierarchical dimension in the class structure. Moreover, results for party support and union membership suggest that the schema grasps a salient horizontal cleavage between managers and sociocultural professionals.


  • class analysis
  • class voting
  • electoral sociology
  • employment structure
  • socioeconomic inequalities

essurvey R package by Jorge Cimentada


The essurvey package is designed to download ESS data as easily as possible into the R statistical software. It provides helper functions to download rounds for all countries or for a selected country only and to show which rounds/countries are available on the ESS website. Documentation and examples are available on the package's website.

ESS Flagship Reports

Cover mock-up of the ESS Prospectus

ESS ERIC Prospectus

If you would like to receive printed copies of the Prospectus in any of the available languages, please email Stefan Swift.

Select a language to download the PDF

Cover mock-up of the Annual Activity Report 2021-22

ESS Annual Activity Report

The activities of the ESS ERIC are detailed in its annual activity reports.

Select a year to download the PDF

Cover mock-up of the Europeans' Wellbeing Report

Europeans' Wellbeing 

Measuring and reporting on Europeans' Wellbeing: Findings from the European Social Survey

Select a language to download the PDF